Somaliland steps up diplomatic efforts to secure international recognition



Somaliland has stepped up diplomatic efforts to secure recognition from the international community as a sovereign nation.

Despite declaring independence in 1991, Somaliland is still considered by many members of the international community, as an autonomous region of Somalia.

Kenya last week caused a diplomatic row after referring in a tweet to a meeting with Somaliland officials as covering “issues of mutual interest to both countries”.

Somalia’s foreign ministry protested the development on Monday, describing it as an “offensive tweet”.

“We consider this tweet an affront to Somalia’s sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity as well as harmful to the relationship between Somalia and Kenya,” the foreign ministry said in a statement.

“Somalia stands for good-neighbourliness, mutual respect and close cooperation with its neighbours, and expects the same from Kenya.”

Somaliland has since responded to Somalia’s statement, asking the latter to stop interfering in its relations with Kenya.

‘‘The Somaliland government thus implores its neighbour Somalia to focus its attention inward, towards the many security, humanitarian and develomment challenges..rather than involving itself in the affairs of other sovereign nations including Kenya and Somaliland,’‘ read part of Somaliland’s statement.

Somalia-Somaliland history

Formerly a British protectorate, Somaliland merged with former Italian Somaliland in 1960 to create Somalia.

But it seceded and declared itself independent in 1991 as Somalia plunged into chaos after the fall of autocrat Siad Barre.

Somaliland has been pushing for independence ever since.

It has its own government based in the self-appointed capital of Hargeisa, its own army and prints its own currency.

It is also considered much more stable than the rest of Somalia, which is plagued by clan disputes, corruption and a violent insurgency waged by the Al-Shabaab militant group.


Kenya-Somalia diplomatic tension

Ties between Kenya and Somalia have cooled considerably in recent times.

In February, Somalia accused Kenya of auctioning oil and gas fields in a disputed maritime area.

The feuding neighbours have taken that spat to The Hague, where the UN’s highest court is expected in September to start hearing both sides in the border disagreement.

More recently, Kenya decided to suspend direct flights from Mogadishu to Kenya, requiring passengers to stop first in Wajir, a Kenyan town near the Somali border, for security screening.

Africa News/AFP


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