It does not need a guru to tell you that President Musa Bihi Bihi is a poor reader, as he is a poor ‘chooser’.
Since he ascended onto power in late 2017, he had made a number of political, diplomatical blunders that enforce the opinion that ‘Soldiers make bad leaders and strong dictators’.
Not less than 80% of the people he, thus far, picked for higher offices are either inexperienced youngsters who are still wet behind the ears, ex-convicts, inept octogenarians or people of the uniform whose words and actions ring parade commands.
He is a man who, it seems, is bent to obliterate everything good and inspiring his predecessor and ex-mentor achieved during his tenure in office, without the vision to come up with a better plan that can build on achievements made and certified.
On Monday, August 13 – to cite but one example, the President nominated five people. At least two of them should not have been in the list.
One of them was Bashir Omar Good. If the President listened to sound advice or read history about his people and the nation he led, he would have known that this man was not a believer in the Somaliland cause, and was a vitriolic hater the central clan – the Issaqs.
In Monday’s Presidential Decree Bashir becomes the latest Somaliland envoy to the United States – a world leader in politics, economy, showing that the President is not even aware of the vast, dynamic changes happening to the geopolitics of the region around him.
At this juncture of time, Somaliland needed diplomats who believed in unity, in sovereignty, in peace and stability.
What is worse,
1989, a time when Siad Barre’s regime was committing atrocities against its supposed citizens, a time where armed well-trained forces of a government were perpetrating a genocide against the Issaq north of Somalia and coincidentally a time when Bashir Goth Somaliland’s recently appointed head of the mission to USA was spewing hatred and clan bigotry against the same Isaaq that were been butchered.
In his 1989 book “Awdal phenomenon”, Bashir extensively wrote about the Isaq in a chapter he named “Isaq: the troubled child of Somalia“. He portrays this clan as the culprits of everything that is wrong with Somalia and Somalis. An exagerration that can only be presented with a person writing with his emotions rather than facts, a person with no sincerity.
Anyone who reads the said part in which we will copy below will feel the hatred and animosity of the author when he was writing, a clearly biased narration of history without a shred of authenticity.
From the earliest written records of the Somali history, Bashir has painted the Isaq with a brush of treason and being slaves to their British masters. Quoting poems of the Sayyid Mohammed Abdulla Hassan to prove his point and implying that they were the ones that betrayed Sayyid Mohammed by siding with the British.
The Sayyid started his “struggle” by trying to force a new Tariqa to the residents of Berbera which they rejected. After his expulsion from the city with a deep grudge to the Qadiriya Tariqa and to the Isaq, he left and amassed a following from his maternal uncles and a number from his own clan. He started to kill and mock anyone who wasn’t from the Salihiya tariqa. One of his victims was sheik Aweis of the qadiriya in the south who also objected to becoming a subject of Sayyid Mohameed. A phenomenon that can be branded as an equivalent to what Alshabaab does in Somalia at the present: killing all their objectors on the basis of defying their sick ideologies and “Satanic” version of Islam.
Bashir also fails to mention in that article the prominent heroes who fought the British colony like Sheikh Bashir and Farah Omaar.
In another part he proceeds to write that the Isaq claimed to be from Arabs after the independence in which they lost the support they used to have from the British to assert superiority.
It is astonishing that he quoted IM Lewis in other instances but without quoting correct notations that contradict or nallify his doctored, warped evidence to his claims.
Such a person who wrote that piece at a time were genocide was being commited has been today appointed to a position of authority, representing all of Somaliland and among them those he failed to do justice to in 1989.
The question now is did he ever apologize for writing that piece?
One can admit and say “it was a long a time ago, he might have changed”. That may be true but after writing such absurdity one is expected to correct his black smear committed to the annals of history and admit he wrote in a time he was younger and that he, since then, has matured to see things differently.
Even now Mr. Bashir’s allegiance is still shrouded in mystery. In a tweet he pinned on his Twitter profile, Bashir addresses a letter to Mr. Farmajo, the current president of Somalia, in which he uses the word “Somali Nation” translated to “Soomaaliweyn”, a concept that is totally against what Somaliland stands for since they have moved away from that ideology a long time ago.
Another question comes to mind: HOW CAN SOMEONE WHO DOES NOT BELIEVE IN SOMALILAND’S DECISION TO RESTORE ITS SOVEREIGNTYHANDLE SUCH RESPONSIBILITY AND REPRESENT THEM DIPLOMATICALLY IN THE WORLD’S NO. 1 SUPERPOWER?
Please find below, a copy of Mr. Bashir’s chapter on the Isaq’s and how he so heartily supported the brutal dictator’s view of them as renegades and ferocious opponents of the Darod who needed to be dealt with in kind.
The Jazeera massacre may have been a fruit reaped of books and articles such as Bashir’s, as below.
THE ISAQ : SOMALIA’S TROUBLESOME CHILD
Somalis have strived towards the idea of nationhood, it has been the Isaq clan that stood alone in resisting the unity of the Somali people.Like a troublesome child who throws a tantrum when he does not get his own way, the Isaq clan has repeatedly displayed the selfish shortsightedness and violence of such childish outbursts but with dire consequences.In a quick review, I will try to tackle the Isaq threat to Somalism,starting from their stand on the Dervish Movement to the present situation in a historical perspective. I will not even go into details to include some of their terrorist activities such as hijacking a Somali ship in 1961 and a national carrier in 1966 and again in 1987.The Dervish Movement, led by Sayyid Mohamed Abdulle Hassan, started the first Somali patriotic struggle against the colonialists. This nationalist movement which entered a long and a bloody war with three foreign powers, namely the British, the Italians and the Ethiopian kingdom, would have been victorious if the Isaq clan did not conspire.against it with the British administration.The British government armed the Isaq – the ‘friendlies’ as they were called (Lewis, I. M: The Modem History of Somaliland; Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1965) – to figth against Sayyid Mohamed’s nationalist movement. They also spied on and guided the British forces to the Dervish bases.The Isaq had even sent several unsuccessful missions to Sayyid Mohamed Abdulle Hassan on the pretext of mediating between him and the British but each time they asked him to surrender. Sayyid Mohamed never yielded to the Isaq games and even punished them on several occasions for their treachery and cooperation with the colonialists. The Isaq branded the Sayyid as a Mad Mulla in their report to their British masters. The British had well exploited the Isaq-coined name and Sayyid Mohamed Abdulla Hassan, who was equal in personality and ideals with Omar al-Mukhtar of Libya and Abdul Qadir Jazai’ri of A1geria, went down in the British written history books as simply the Mad Mulla of Somalia.Many British made jokes about him are even today taught to European and American school children. Commenting on the wrath of the Sayyid on the Isaq betrayel, Lewis wrote: “… Nevertheless, for this betrayel of his cause, as he regarded it, the Sayyid never forgave the Isaq and regularly berated them in his poetic polemics, saying of them in one famous poem : ‘The fate of the Isaq is to remain forever as stupid as donkeys’. ”Still in another of his well memorised poems Sayyid Mohamed Abdulle Hassan had so explicitly pictured the Isaq’s love and devotion fortheir British masters :–
– Xirsiyow naaqusnimo waa waxaad, niiq la leedahay
– Naxar lagu shid waa jaahil iyo, Naracadiisiiye
– Noy baad tihiin aan qalbiga, nuurka 100 geline
– Naasilo xun baa lagu yaqaan, nimanka Iidoore
– Wax ka niiqsan toban ieer kuwii, naaqurta lahaaye
– Nasab haddaad tihiin gaaladaad, nici lahaydeene
– NaxaIIi baad ka dhigateen halkaan, narriga lahayne
– Nasteexadu waxay idin la tahay, naafacaan jirine
– Ka nacawdu sheydaamadaad, nacam tiraahdeene
– Naar-quulayaaI iyo knfraad, nebiya mooddeene
– Naartii waxaa idinku guray, nibiriyaashiiye
– Nasaarada waxaw taabacdeen, waa najuusnimo e
– Naagaw tihiin ferenjigii, nolosha dheeraaye
– Nacalluhu kuwnu fuulay baad, daba nashlayseene
– Naamuskiin wuxu jabay markaad, nacabka raacdeene …
”The Isaq’s anti-nationalist sentiments did not end with the defeat of the Dervish Movement, but it again surfaced on the eve of independence when a branch of the Somali Youth League party was opened at Jigjiga.
The whole Somali people rallied behind the SYL which heralded the struggle for Independence.At this time, the Isaq again revolted against the wave of nationalism. While the other Somalis were sacrificing their life and wealth for the great national cause, the Isaq were running everywhere to come up with a justifiable reason that could exempt them from their historical responsibility. And because the British was losing face in the whole African continent, they could not use the British card which gave them the upper hand over the Dervish Movement.They came up with a more dynamic idea by tracing their descent to Arab origins.
They propagated that their great grandfather was the first cousin of the prophet Mohamed (peace be upon him) and that they were Saada-sacred people – that could not share anything with the African Somalis.With this the Isaq tried to deal themselves out of the game. But, the rest of the Somalis could not understand how the grand father of the Isaq clan who lived only few centuries back could be the cousin of the Prophet and blasted the whole idea as a cheap excuse from the Isaq for covering up their hidden hatry for being tom away from the warm British lap which gave them dominance over the other clans for so many years.The wind of change was blowing over Africa and whether they liked it or not the Isaq would eventually have been tamed to follow the fate of the whole Somali people.That was succinctly expressed by Sh. Hassan Tani Gabobe, one of the vanguard activists of the SYL in Jigjiga:–
– Saca faarso nacay, sanduluu ku iman
– Saddex maalintuu qado, saa waxa ka dhigan
– Safka maanta yidhi, saada nahee,
– Soomaali an diidno.
The prediction of Sh. Hassan Tani became obvious when in a later date, the Isaq formed the Somali National League (SNL) not in the faith of a national cause but more with the intention of avoiding to be left alone. But to counter balance what could have been the only positive step they had ever taken, they created the NUF which called for the continuation of the British rule in the Somaliland. The Isaq played a double game.If the nationalist parties won they had their voice through the SNL; but they put their weight behind the NUF which they saw as their savior from the nationalist nightmare.When the Northern part of Somalia won independence on 26 June, 1960, the United Somali Party (USP) which had the Gadabursi and the Dulbahante clans behind it called for an immediate reunion with the South which was under the Italian rule.Again it was the Isaq leaders of the SNL who with instructions from the British goverment severly fought the idea of unification. And against their will and with the relentless struggle of the USP, the two Somali parts united to form a single state on 1st July 1960.The Isaq never forgave the USP for that and they tried to revive their Isaqism through an aborted military coup carried out by their young military officers in 1961.This was to declare an Isaq dominated British monitored separate state in the north of the country.Another manifestation of the Isaq’s hatry for Somalism, came to the forefront after the Somalo-Ethiopian war came to an end in 1977. After Somalia decided to withdraw its forces, an influx of Somali refugees, fleeing from an expected Ethiopian reprisals, came with the returning Somali armies. All the Somalis stood to welcome, accomodate and attend to the needs of their destitute brothers.
The Isaq clan was the big exception. They saw those homeless refugees as a threat who came to uproot them from their homeland. They abused them, insulted them and called them by every despicable name they could come up with. As a result of that prejudice, the SNM was created on the pretext of fighting against a corrupt regime; but in reality the aim was to preserve the purity of the Isaq clan (The Sa ada) against the infilteration of the other Somalis.This has become obvious from the slogan of the SNM when they entered the town of Hargeisa, they were Singing :– Ninkii dhoof ku yimid bay geeridu dhibaysaa. (The death scares only the immigrants)It was a common knowledge that there was on foreign immigrant living in the town of Hargeisa with the exception of the employees of the International Organizations. The slogan was directed to all other Somalis but the Isaq.The SNM was not even the least diplomatic to influence tile public opinion rather than those of their own people. Instead they immediately showed their naked enemity to their fellow Somalis when they cold bloodedly murdered whole families of the Oulbahante and Gadabursi clans in the towns of Hargeisa and Buroa.After the SNM was defeated by the goverment forces and were chased out of the captured towns, they never hesitated as usual to blame the Gadabursi and the Dulbahante for their failure. They started what they saw as an inevitable reprisals against the unarmed civilians of the other Somali clans, specially the Gadabursi and the Dulbahante.
They invaded villages, looted their properties, indiscriminately killed children, Women and many innocent nomads. The only crime these people committed was that they were not from the Isaq and that they refused to support tile aims of what later proved to be the Sadistic Noisome Maniacs (SNM) instead of a Somali National Movement.Today, the civil war ragging on in the north of Somalia is an Isaq monitored war aimed at annihilating all the other Somali clans existing in the area, so that Isaq’s cherished dream of creating an Isaq Independent State, could be achieved.Ethiopia, the historical enemy of Somalia has found an inexpensive army in the SNM to fulfil her longstanding objective of disrupting the unity and assassinating the spirit of nationhood among the Somali people. Thus giving her the opportunity to rid herself of the burden of the Cuban forces that were stationed at her border with Somalia since 1977.I am sure, many foreign people and even some of our Arab brothers who were misled by the false propaganda published by the SNM through the media of the west, would reconsider their positions towards the SNM, when they come to know about their true nature.At a time, when the Arab countries are creating regional groups to pave the way for the big dream of United Arab States it is obvious that all other attempts of menial nature will not only end up futile, but will also be severly dealt by the irreversible hand of history.The unity of Somalia is one which is based on people having one culture, one language, one religion and one national intergrity.
And no single clan however powerful they assume themselves to be will ever be able to nudge let alone move the mountain of Somali nationalism.
From the Book : Awdal Phenomenon
Book was Published 1989.
Mohamed Ali Mohamed ‘Somali’